Greg Slepak posted a link to a paper called the DCS Theorem. It’s a probability proof of the DCS Triangle showing that decentralized consensus systems can have Decentralization, Consensus, or Scale, but not all three simultaneously.
He said on bitcoin-dev said:
The DCS Triangle was independently discovered by myself and Trent McConaghy.
It is a useful tool for clearing confusion about blockchain scalability and blocksize-related debates.
The DCS Theorem is a probability proof of the triangle, and it’s now on arXiv: