Feed for category: blockchain
Braiins OS: Open Source Alternative to Bitcoin Mining Firmware
The company behind SlushPool announced the first release of its Open Source ASIC miner firmware called Braiin OS. Braiins OS is the very first fully open-source, Linux based system for cryptocurrency embedded devices. Now enabling AsicBoost. Finally, you know exactly what’s running on your device, have the ability to customize it in any way and benefit from major functionality tweaks enabled by a continuous development and updates. Highlight of the features:
Predictive UTXO Management

Dmitry Petukhov presents a different approach to the UTXO consolidation problem called Organic Consolidation.

For UTXO-based cryptocurrencies, it is important to have the set of managed Unspent Transaction Outputs in optimal shape, because if you have too much small UTXO, you will have to create bigger transactions to send the same amount of funds, and hence pay bigger network fee, or even need to send several transactions to transfer the needed amount.

Typical approach to handle this is to do periodical sweep of UTXO, bundling them all together, at the time when network fee is low.

We implemented another approach, that does not require manual UTXO consolidation, and at the same time, conserves network fee - when fee in the network is high, the algorithm tries to use less UTXO per transaction, and when network fee is low, it will create bigger transaction, effectively performing UTXO consolidation along with regular payments. This organic UTXO consolidation allows to maintain healthy UTXO set automatically, without manual consolidation runs.

Workshop Summary Scaling Bitcoin V Tokyo 2018

Content originally published by BitcoinOptech on newsletter #16.


The fifth Scaling Bitcoin conference was held Saturday and Sunday in Tokyo, Japan. In the sections below, we provide brief overviews to some of the talks we think might be most interesting to this newsletter’s readers, but we also recommend watching the complete set of videos provided by the workshop organizers or reading the transcripts provided by Bryan Bishop.

Mast and Schnorr Signatures
Bitcoin’s development effort for the past few years has been focused on a few key concepts, privacy, scalability and efficiency. One of the first improvements was Segregated witness which is ushering in the rest, Lightning Network followed but was an effort in a different direction as it took transactions off-chain rather than optimizing the on-chain process. Some of the upcoming technologies aimed at optimizing this process are Schnorr Signatures and Merkelized Abstract Syntax Trees or MAST for short.
A summary of the HoneyBadger conference
The Baltic Honeybadger conference is the first major event in Latvia dedicated to Bitcoin and the technologies built around it. This year’s second edition panelists included major Bitcoin developers like Brian bishop, Matt Corallo and Eric Voskuil, Cryptography specialists like Adam Back and Peter Todd, CEOs like Elizabeth Stark and Eric Lombrozo and many others. Here’s a summary of the two-day panels …
Selfish Mining Prevention

Andrew Karamaoun proposed an idea to discourage selfish mining, which is to allow the block reward get determined by the peak hash rate.

For instance if \(p\) is the peak hash rate for 365 periods or 1 year, made up of 144 blocks, \(h\) the hash rate of the last 144 blocks (1 day period), and \(r\) the base subsidy or reward for mining a block, which is currently 12.5 bitcoin, the maximum block reward can then be calculated using the formula \(0.5r (1 + h/p)\) , the lowest possible block reward being \(0.5r\) . At peak hashrate, the miner gets the full 12.5 BTC reward, otherwise the reward is determined based on the hashrate.

Bustapay: a practical sender/receiver coinjoin protocol

One of the main features intended for Bitcoin in the future is a native support for multisig payments and coinjoins, they are currently supported by the Blockchain but not in a native way and as such they do not have as much efficiency and privacy as desired. This is going to be the main focus of the next major update in Bitcoin, changing the signature scheme to Schnorr Signatures.

As a simplified alternative to Pay-to-Endpoint (P2EP - Pay-to-Endpoint), developer Ryan Havar proposed a BIP for a new coinjoins protocol that does not need changes to the current Bitcoin consensus and provides a simple, practical way to make coinjoin transactions that are indistinguishable from normal ones.