Taproot is a mechanism that works like MAST but without the 32 byte overhead, it was created earlier this year by developer Greg Maxwell.
An update on Taproot was recently published on the Bitcoin-dev mailing list dubbed Generalized Taproot, its essentially a recursive taproot which is as space efficient as taproot in some cases and sometimes potentially more efficient in cases like when one merkle branch is more likely than the other.
Generalized Taproot is not something that we will see being deployed any time soon but it could be a further enhancement to the increasing amount of applications built on Schnorr Signatures coming in the next months/years.
To follow up the technical discussion on Generalized Taproot, check out the Bitcoin-dev mailing list.
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